Typical structure of a research paper

 

Introduction
    State why the problem you address is important
    State what is lacking in the current knowledge
    State the objectives of your study or the research question
Methods
    Describe the context and setting of the study
    Specify the study design
    Describe the ‘population’ (participants)
    Describe the sampling strategy
    Describe the intervention (if applicable)
    Identify the main study variables (if applicable)
    Describe data collection instruments and procedures
    Outline analysis methods
Results
    Report on data collection and recruitment (response rates, etc.)
    Describe participants (demographic, condition, etc.)
    Present key findings with respect to the central research question
    Present secondary findings (secondary outcomes, subgroup analyses, etc.)
Discussion
    State the main findings of the study
    Discuss the main results with reference to previous research
    Discuss policy and practice implications of the results
    Analyse the strengths and limitations of the study
    Offer perspectives for future work

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