In a simple sentence, ontology is about what exists, about which individuals can acquire knowledge. It’s the study of being. Why researchers need to understand their ontological position? It’s because ontology helps researchers establish their conclusions in research, especially how certain they can be about the research objects.
For example, researchers with realist ontology believe that there is one single reality, therefore, one single truth. On the other hand, researchers with relativist ontology hold the perspective that reality is constructed in the mind, and therefore, reality is relative depending on how the researchers experience and see it.
So, what’s your ontological stance? Do you believe that there is only one ‘single truth’ or that ‘truth’ – reality depends on how individuals (including you) perceive it?